June 9, 2016



Brain-machine interfaces: from basic science to neurological rehabilitation

Monday, XX July 2018 (7:00 – 7:30 pm), Local not defined

Miguel Nicolelis

Miguel Nicolelis

In this talk, I will describe how state-of-the-art research on brain-machine interfaces makes it possible for the brains of primates to interact directly and in a bi-directional way with mechanical, computational and virtual devices without any interference of the body muscles or sensory organs.

I will review a series of recent experiments using real-time computational models to investigate how ensembles of neurons encode motor information. These experiments have revealed that brain-machine interfaces can be used not only to study fundamental aspects of neural ensemble physiology, but they can also serve as an experimental paradigm aimed at testing the design of novel neuroprosthetic devices. I will also describe evidence indicating that continuous operation of a closed-loop brain machine interface, which utilizes a robotic arm as its main actuator, can induce significant changes in the physiological properties of neural circuits in multiple motor and sensory cortical areas. This research raises the hypothesis that the properties of a robot arm, or other neurally controlled tools, can be assimilated by brain representations as if they were extensions of the subject's own body.

Miguel Nicolelis, M.D., Ph.D., is the Duke School of Medicine Distinguished Professor of Neuroscience at Duke University, Professor of Neurobiology, Biomedical Engineering and Psychology and Neuroscience, and founder of Duke's Center for Neuroengineering. He is Founder and Scientific Director of the Edmond and Lily Safra International Institute for Neuroscience of Natal. Dr. Nicolelis is also founder of the Walk Again Project, an international consortium of scientists and engineers, dedicated to the development of an exoskeleton device to assist severely paralyzed patients in regaining full body mobility.

Dr. Nicolelis has dedicated his career to investigating how the brains of freely behaving animals encode sensory and motor information. As a result of his studies, Dr. Nicolelis was first to propose and demonstrate that animals and human subjects can utilize their electrical brain activity to directly control neuroprosthetic devices via brain-machine interfaces (BMI).

Over the past 25 years, Dr. Nicolelis pioneered and perfected the development of a new neurophysiological method, known today as chronic, multi-site, multi-electrode recordings. Using this approach in a variety of animal species, as well as in intra-operative procedures in human patients, Dr. Nicolelis launched a new field of investigation, which aims at measuring the concurrent activity and interactions of large populations of single neurons throughout the brain. Through his work, Dr. Nicolelis has discovered a series of key physiological principles that govern the operation of mammalian brain circuits.

Dr. Nicolelis pioneering BMI studies have become extremely influential since they offer potential new therapies for patients suffering from severe levels of paralysis, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy. Today, numerous neuroscience laboratories in the US, Europe, Asia, and Latin America have incorporated Dr. Nicolelis' experimental paradigm to study a variety of mammalian neuronal systems. His research has influenced basic and applied research in computer science, robotics, and biomedical engineering.

Dr. Nicolelis is a member of the French and Brazilian Academies of Science and has authored over 200 manuscripts, edited numerous books and special journal publications, and holds three US patents. He is the author of Beyond Boundaries: The New Neuroscience of Connecting Brains with Machines and How It Will Change Our Lives; and most recently co-authored The Relativistic Brain: How it Works and Why it Cannot be Simulated by a Turing Machine.


Cyborg Intelligence: Towards the Convergence of Machine and Biological Intelligence

Monday, XX July 2018 (7:00 – 7:30 pm), Local not defined

Zhaohui Wu

Zhaohui Wu

Recent advances in the multidisciplinary fields such as brain-machine interfaces, artificial intelligence, and computational neuroscience, signal a growing convergence between machines and living beings. Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) enable direct communication pathways between the brain and an external device, making it possible to connect organic and computing parts at the signal level. Cyborg means a biological-machine system consisting of both organic and computing components. Cyborg intelligence aims to deeply integrate machine intelligence with biological intelligence by connecting machines and living beings via BMIs. This talk will introduce the concept, architectures, and applications of cyborg intelligence. It will also discuss its issues and challenges. Our recent progresses in this field will be presented.

Zhaohui Wu received his BSc and PhD degrees in computer science from Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China, in 1988 and 1993, respectively. From 1991 to 1993, he was with the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI) as a joint Ph.D. student. He was a visiting professor of the University of Arizona. He is currently a professor with the College of Computer Science and Technology, Zhejiang University, and the president of Zhejiang University. His research interests include artificial intelligence, service computing, and cyborg intelligence. He received three IEEE/ACM Best Paper Awards, Distinguished Young Scholars of National Science Foundation of China (2005), Second Prize of National Science and Technology Progress Award (2010), the HLHL Science and Technology Innovation Award of the HOLEUNG HO LEE Foundation (2011), Second Prize of National Technology Invention Award (2014), First Prize of Innovation Award of Chinese Association for Artificial Intelligence (2016), and a Top-10 Achievements in Science and Technology in Chinese Universities (2016). He is a fellow of the China Computer Federation (CCF). Dr. Wu has authored 5 books and more than 120 refereed journal papers. He is the founding Editor-in-Chief of Elsevier Journal of Big Data Research


Fuzzy (F-) transforms — the efficient tool for (even big) data preprocessing.

Monday, XX July 2018 (7:00 – 7:30 pm), Local not defined


Irina Perfilieva

The F-transform provides a (dimensionally) reduced representation of original data. It is based on a granulation of a domain (fuzzy partition) and gives a tractable image of an original data.

Main characteristics with respect to input data: size reduction , noise removal, invariance to geometrical transformations, knowledge transfer from conventional mathematics, fast computation.

The F-transform has been applied to: image processing, computer vision, pattern recognition, time series analysis and forecasting, numerical methods for differential equations, deep learning neural networks.

In this talk, I will present theoretical background and applications of the proposed technique. I will discuss the current research being carried out within the Computer Vision group in the Institute for Research and Allications of Fuzzy Modeling, university of Ostrava.

Professor Irina Perfilieva, Ph.D., received the degrees of M.S. (1975) and Ph.D (1980) in Applied Mathematics from the Lomonosov State University in Moscow, Russia. At present, she is full professor of Applied Mathematics in the University of Ostrava, Czech Republic. At the same time she is Head of Theoretical Research Department in the University of Ostrava, Institute for Research and Applications of Fuzzy Modeling. She is the author and co-author of six books on mathematical principles of fuzzy sets and fuzzy logic and their applications, she is an editor of many special issues of scientific journals. She has published over 270 papers in the area of multi-valued logic, fuzzy logic, fuzzy approximation and fuzzy relation equations.

Her scientific research is internationally recognized. She is an area editor of IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems and International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems, and an editorial board member of the following journals: Fuzzy Sets and Systems, Iranian Journal of Fuzzy Systems, Journal of Uncertain Systems, Journal of Intelligent Technologies and Applied Statistics, Fuzzy Information and Engineering. She works as a member of Program Committees of the most prestigious International Conferences and Congresses in the area of fuzzy and knowledge-based systems. For her long-term scientific achievements she was awarded on the International FLINS 2010 Conference on Foundations and Applications of Computational Intelligence. She received the memorial Da Ruan award for the best paper at FLINS 2012. In 2013, she was elected to be an EUSFLAT Honorary Member. She got a special price of the Seoul International Inventions Fair 2010. She has two patents.

Her scientific interests lie in the area of applied mathematics and mathematical modeling where she successfully uses modern as well as classical approaches. During last five years she is working in the area of image processing and pattern recognition.

On decision and optimization models and their applications.

Monday, XX July 2018 (7:00 – 7:30 pm), Local not defined

Jose L.Verdegay

José L. Verdegay

The importance of decision problems and optimization problems in all areas is nowadays beyond doubt. Notwithstanding this importance, it is often tended to think that these two fields circulate along different routes, when the relationship between them is more than narrow, symbiotic. To illustrate this dependence, this talk will present the problems of optimization, essential but not exclusively those of Mathematical Programming, as particular cases of Decision Problems that are described in direct function of the type of information available. For this purpose, a General Decision Problem, is presented as a sextet (X, E, f, ≤, I, K) which includes the set of actions to be taken, the states of nature, the results, the relationship ordering the results, the available information and the framework in which the decision maker has to carry out its activities, respectively. Then, depending on the characteristics that each of these elements take, different optimization problems may arise. We will focus on the case of having information of fuzzy nature and then different models and problems of fuzzy optimization (Fuzzy Mathematical Programming problems, Fuzzy sets based Metaheuristics, …) will appear. Recent applications of these models as well as future research lines associated to them will be described.

José Luis Verdegay received the M.S. degree in mathematics and the Ph.D. degree in sciences from the University of Granada, Granada, Spain, in 1975 and 1981, respectively. He is a full Professor at Department of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence (DECSAI), University of Granada, Spain. He has published twenty nine books and more than 350 scientific and technical papers in leading scientific journals, and has been Advisor of 20 Ph.D. dissertations. He has served on many international program committees and has attended numerous national and international conferences, congresses, and workshops. He has been Principal Researcher in a variety of national and international research and educational projects and currently is conducting a research project on “Models of Optimization and Decision: Applications and Solutions at 3 Different Environments” and coordinating the Ibero-American research network in Decision and Optimization models (iMODA). He is also a member of the Editorial Board of several international leading journals, as for instance Fuzzy Sets and Systems, Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making, IJUFKS or Memetic Computing. Professor Verdegay is an IFSA fellow, IEEE Senior member and Honorary member of the Cuban Academy of Mathematics and Computation. Besides he has the Featured Position of “Invited Professor” at the Technical University of Havana (Cuba), Central University of Las Villas (Santa Clara, Cuba) and University of Holguín (Cuba). He is also a “Distinguished Guest” of the National University of Trujillo (Perú). His current scientific interests are on Soft Computing, fuzzy sets and systems, decision support systems, metaheuristic algorithms, nature inspired systems and all their applications to real world problems.

Fuzzy Associative Memories: Theory and Applications

Monday, XX July 2018 (7:00 – 7:30 pm), Local not defined

Jose L.Verdegay

Marcos Valle

Associative memories are models inspired by the human brain ability to recall information by association. We speak of a fuzzy associative memory when the associative memory is designed for the storage and recall of fuzzy sets. Apart from the biological motivation, a fuzzy associative memory is a continuous fuzzy system that maps close input to close output.

We shall begin this talk by reviewing the matrix-based fuzzy associative memories, which are closely related to the compositional rule of inference. Examples of matrix-based fuzzy associative memories include the famous models of Kosko and the implicative fuzzy associative memories. We point out that many matrix-based fuzzy associative memories can be embedded into the general class of fuzzy morphological associative memories. In the light of this remark, we review some key concepts of mathematical morphology, a theory widely used for image processing and analysis. Particular attention is given to auto-associative fuzzy morphological memories, in which we provide theoretical results concerning the storage capacity, noise tolerance, and fixed points. Afterward, we shall address recent advances on fuzzy associative memories. Furthermore, we shall present some applications of fuzzy associative memories including time series prediction, pattern recognition, and computer vision.

Marcos Eduardo Valle received his master and Ph.D. degrees in applied mathematics at the University of Campinas in 2005 and 2007, respectively. He previously worked at the University of Londrina, Brazil. Currently, he is an assistant professor at the Department of Applied Mathematics of the University of Campinas, Brazil. His research interests include associative memories, fuzzy set theory, lattice theory, mathematical morphology, hypercomplex-valued neural networks, pattern recognition, and data recovery. He is a member of the Mathematical Imaging and Computational Intelligence Laboratory at the Institute of Mathematics, Statistics, and Scientific Computing. Valle's primary research contributions to fuzzy associative memories include the implicative fuzzy associative memories and the class of fuzzy morphological associative memories. Marcos has published more than 60 articles; including book chapters, journal manuscripts, and conference proceedings. More details can be fount at: link


Trusted Computational Intelligence

Monday, XX July 2018 (7:00 – 7:30 pm), Local not defined

Speaker Hussein bbass

Hussein Abbass

What is the trustworthiness of a prediction made by an artificial neural network? When should we trust an evolutionary optimization result? Is a type-2 fuzzy system more trustworthy than a type-1 fuzzy system? How to assess the trustworthiness of an emerging behaviour in a swarm system?

The computational intelligence community has so many opportunities today. The questions above get raised when we use artificial intelligence and computational intelligence techniques in Trusted Autonomy to develop Trusted Autonomous Systems. They impact our ability as a community to contribute to smart worlds, internet of things, big data, cyber-physical systems, and the many exciting and evolving technological and technical advances of this century. This talk will address these questions, identify the challenges and offer ideas for solutions. Attendees may wish to consult the following open-access papers before the talk.

· Abbass H.A., Petraki E., Merrick K., Harvey J., and Barlow M. (2016) Trusted Autonomy and Cognitive Cyber Symbiosis: Open Challenges , Cognitive Computation, 8(3), 385-408. 10. 1007/s12559-015-9365-5. · Abbass H.A., Leu G., and Merrick K. (2016) A Review of Theoretical and Practical Challenges of Trusted Autonomy in Big Data , IEEE Access, 4, 2808–2830. · Wang S.L., Shafi, K., Foo, N.T., Lokan C., and Abbass H.A. (2017) Contrasting Human and Computational Intelligence-Based Autonomous Behaviours in a Blue-Red Simulation Environment , IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, 1(1), 27-40.

Hussein Abbass is a Professor of Information Technology at the University of New South Wales in Canberra (UNSW-Canberra), Australia. He is a fellow of the Australian Computer Society (FACS), a fellow of the Operational Research Society (FORS,UK); a fellow of the Australian Institute of Management (FAIM), the President of the Australian Society for Operations Research, and the Vice-president for Technical Activities (2016-2017) for the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society. He is an associate Editor of the IEEE Trans. On Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Trans. on Cybernetics, and IEEE Trans. on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, and four other journals. His current research contributes to trusted autonomy with an aim to design next generation trusted artificial intelligence systems that seamlessly integrate humans and machines. His work fuses artificial intelligence, big data, cognitive science, operations research, and robotics.

‘Memes’ as Building Blocks of Intelligence: From Refinement to Higher Order Representations in Transfer and Multitask Optimization.

Monday, XX July 2018 (7:00 – 7:30 pm), Local not defined

Ong Yew Soon

Ong Yew Soon

We are in an era where a plethora of computational problem-solving methodologies are being invented to tackle the diverse problems that are of interest to researchers. Some of these problems have emerged from real-life scenarios, while others are theoretically motivated with the aim of stretching the boundaries of existing computational algorithms. Nevertheless, it is becoming increasingly clear that the development of an overarching conceptual paradigm that dissolves the barriers among these techniques will facilitate the unified advancement of algorithmic research towards the common goal of solving the big technological challenges of the present day. Against this backdrop, and interesting parallel can be drawn between the notion of memes from a socio-cultural perspective, and that from a computational standpoint. The platform for memes in the former resides in the human mind, while in the latter, it manifests in the form of computational models, higher-order representations, and/or algorithmic subroutines that can capture recurring patterns in diverse problem-solving exercises. The phrase Memetic Computing has accordingly surfaced in recent years - emerging as a discipline that focusses on the computational realization of memes as units of information about the underlying problem at hand; which is analogous to the behaviour of memes in a socio-cultural context. In this talk, we walk through the advancements of memetic computation over the years, beginning with memes as simple refinement procedures in population based search, to the advent of transfer optimization and multitasking where memes appear as fundamental building-blocks of transferrable knowledge. In particular, it is worth noting that traditional optimization techniques seldom learn from experience, and rarely are they capable of automatically harnessing the similarity between problems or tasks. It is only very recently that the notion of Transfer & Multifactorial Optimization has been developed to explore the potential of memes in this regard. The basic idea is to facilitate knowledge transfer across problems in a simple and elegant manner, thereby, opening doors to new research opportunities in EC, dealing, in particular, with the exploitation of underlying synergies between seemingly distinct tasks. Last but not least, a variety of real world applications of Transfer & Multifactorial Optimization shall be proposed and demonstrated during the talk.

Yew-Soon Ong is Professor and Chair of the School of Computer Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. He is Director of the Data Science and Artificial Intelligence Research Center, Director of the A*Star SIMTECH-NTU Joint Lab on Complex Systems and Principal Investigator of the Data Analytics & Complex System Programme in the Rolls-Royce@NTU Corporate Lab. He received his PhD from University of Southampton, UK.

Dr. Ong is founding Editor-In-Chief of the IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, founding Technical Editor-In-Chief of Memetic Computing Journal (Springer), Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Transactions on Neural Network & Learning Systems, IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on Big Data, and others. His research interests in computational intelligence span across memetic computation, complex design optimization, intelligent agents and Big Data Analytics. His research grant comprises of external funding from both national and international partners that exceed 15 Million USD. . Dr. Ong’s research advancement in computer science has earned him the recognition of a Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researcher for two consecutive years (2015 and 2016) and a position among the World's Most-Influential-Scientific Minds. He received the 2015 IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine Outstanding Paper Award and the 2012 IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation Outstanding Paper Award for his work pertaining to Memetic Computation.